Can you say ‘heavy timbers?
Timber framing is woodcraft from ancient times where huge timbers were fit together by hand using mortise and tenonjoinery and secured with wooden pegs. Today you can still find companies that use wooden pegs or metal fasteners. Due to their superior construction, timber frame and post & beam buildings are known for their longevity.
Timber Framing Information
Although timber framing is related to log home construction, it is not the same building method. The similarities of exposed large or heavy timbers is analogous, but the process of erecting and joining wood is much different. With timber frame construction, beams are as a rule, mortised together with wooden pegs performing the same function as metal fasteners (nails) to lock the posts and beams in place. Logs are stacked and angles or corners are joined in a number of different ways from dovetails and notches to coped recesses.
In traditional timber framed structures, the space between the timbers were filled with wattle-and-daub, or brick or rubble and plaster applied on the faces of both the inside and exterior walls. Wainscoting was often added for additional insulation. This look is known as a “half-timbered” style.
Unlike related “stick building” methods, with a timber frame structure, the skeleton of the building remains exposed and becomes the focal point versus being covered with drywall, paneling or siding. Authentic timber framed buildings are considered to be art in the truest definition of the word.
Timber framing in action
This video shows how a timber frame section is built. A timber frame structure can be erected quickly, where a log building can take much longer. Assembly onsite is rapid because the pre-fitting of the frame is often laid out and assembled before being sent to the job site. Because of this an average timber frame shell can be erected in a matter of days and the entire building ready for dry-in a week or two.
The art of timber framing has experienced a remarkable rebirth in the past few years as the demand for quality and unique housing continues to increase. New timber frame companies have risen to meet the demand. When considering such a home for yourself, do your homework… research the timber frame companies in our directory and ask questions.
Timber framing is one of the first “green building” methods
Most timber framing companies are “green building” adherents. By its very nature, wood is a sustainable and renewable resource and requires less energy and produces a smaller carbon impact than concrete or steel. Add to this the fact that if properly treated, wood buildings will survive for centuries.
From TimberFrame.org – Timber framing is a centuries-old craft. Using its most traditional definition, timber framing is a specific type of post and beam construction in which a frame is created from solid wood timbers that are connected with wooden, furniture-like joinery secured with hardwood pegs. The frame is covered with any of a number of enclosure systems. Normally the timbers remain exposed to the interior of the building.
Timber Frame Business Council established in October 1995, the Timber Frame Business Council (TFBC) was created as a not-for-profit organization dedicated to strengthening the timber frame industry. The Council grew out of the Timber Framers Guild of North America, which was founded ten years earlier.
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